How Speech/Language Skills can Affect Academic Performance
Articulation Required for verbal expression in all curricular areas.
Multiple articulation errors can indicate a disordered
Phonological system which could impact spelling and
reading. Noticeable differences in speech production
can have a negative impact on self-confidence, peer
relationships, and vocational/career opportunities.
Oral/Motor Skills Disorders in muscle tone, movement, and sensation of
the articulators may affect speech production, chewing,
drinking, swallowing, and the ability to manage saliva.
Voice Noticeable differences in vocal pitch, quality, and volume
can affect self-confidence and peer relationships. Poor
vocal hygiene can lead to lasting physical changes of the
vocal folds. Voice differences can be a symptom of
medical concerns requiring evaluation by a Physician.
Fluency Fluency/Stuttering can inhibit classroom participation and
affect peer relationships. Vocational/career choice may be
limited, despite the individual’s competency levels in
Auditory Processing Deficits in these skills can affect performance in all
Attention academic areas that involve auditory reception and
Memory processing of curricular material and following oral
Discrimination directions. Spelling and reading can be affected by
Sequencing difficulty analyzing and applying the phonemic code.
Semantics All areas of communication (listening, speaking, reading
Vocabulary writing) are affected by weakness in semantic skills,
Definitions thereby impacting on all areas of the curriculum.
Grammar/Syntax The knowledge and application of grammatical rules is
Parts of Speech essential for both spoken and written language. Deficits
Sentence types impact on the ability to comprehend, analyze, and produce
Sentence construction language effectively.
Pragmatics Deficits in these skills affect listening, problem solving,
Organizational skills reading comprehension, study skills, oral and written
Sequencing information language, and social interactions.
Making judgments & inferences
Social appropriateness of interactions